Fatwa: # 41572
Category: Beliefs and Practices (Aq...
Country: United Kingdom
Date: 3rd May 2019

Title

Karguzari and hidayat bayan are they established from sunnah?

Question

Salam respected Mufti,

Please confirm if karguzari is classified as sunnah?

And the action of giving naseehath (whereby the group has to go to a markaz and listen to a talk on hidayah) to the leaving jamaath, is this also classified as a sunnah?

Jazakumullahu Khairan

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Dear Brother,

The Tablighi effort comprises of many actions which are from the sunnah of Nabi ﷺ. Amongst these actions are taking karguzari of the coming jamats and giving hidayat talk to the leaving jamats. Both these actions were found in the sunnah of Nabi ﷺ. Consider the following hadith:

عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما: أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم بعث معاذا رضي الله عنه إلى اليمن، فقال: "ادعهم إلى شهادة أن لا إله إلا الله، وأني رسول الله، فإن هم أطاعوا لذلك، فأعلمهم أن الله قد افترض عليهم خمس صلوات في كل يوم وليلة، فإن هم أطاعوا لذلك، فأعلمهم أن الله افترض عليهم صدقة في أموالهم تؤخذ من أغنيائهم وترد على فقرائهم"

Translation: Ibn A’bbas Radhyallahu Anhuma reported that the Prophet (ﷺ) appointed Mu’adh Radhyallahu Anhu as governor of Yemen, and at the time of his departure, he instructed him thus: “First of all, call the people to testify ‘La ilaha illallah’ (there is no true god except Allah) and that I (Muhammad) am the Messenger of Allah, and if they accept this (declaration of faith), then tell them that Allah has enjoined upon them five Salat during the day and night; and if they obey you, tell them that Allah has made the payment of Zakat obligatory upon them. It should be collected from their rich and distributed among their poor.” Sahih Al-Bukhari [1395]

عن البراء رضي الله عنه، قال: أول من قدم علينا من أصحاب النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم مصعب بن عمير، وابن أم مكتوم فجعلا يقرئاننا القرآن، ثم جاء عمار، وبلال، وسعد ثم جاء عمر بن الخطاب في عشرين ثم " جاء النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فما رأيت أهل المدينة فرحوا بشيء، فرحهم به حتى رأيت الولائد والصبيان، يقولون: هذا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قد جاء فما جاء، حتى قرأت: {سبح اسم ربك الأعلى} [الأعلى: 1] في سور مثلها 

Translation: Al-Baraa Radhyallahu Anhu narrated “The first of the companions of the Prophet (ﷺ) who came to us (in Madina), were Mus`ab bin `Umair and Ibn Umm Maktum, and they started teaching us the Qur'an. Then came `Ammar, Bilal and Sa`d. Afterwards `Umar bin Al-Kkattab came along with a batch of twenty (men): and after that the Prophet (ﷺ) came. I never saw the people of Medina so pleased with anything as they were with his arrival, so that even the little boys and girls were saying, "This is Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) who has come." He (the Prophet (ﷺ) did not come (to Medina) till I had learnt Surat Al-Ala and also other similar Suras).” Sahih Al-Bukhari [4941]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Tareque Ahmed

Student Darul Iftaa
New York, USA

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

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