Category: Fasting (Sawm)
Fatwa#: 38568
Asked Country: United States

Answered Date: Sep 05,2017

Title: Should the dua for iftaar be read before or after breaking the fast?

Question

السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

I would like to enquire as to when the duas for iftaar shoud be read-ie. Before partaking of the kajoor and zam zam or after eating something.

Jazakillah

Answer

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salamu ‘laykum wa-rahmatullahi wa-barakatuh.

Hereunder are the duas to be read before iftaar and after iftaar :

Dua to be read before breaking the fast:

  • باسم الله و بركة الله 1  

Transliteration: Bismillahi wa barakatillah

Meaning:  In the name of Allah , with the blessing of Allah

Duas to be read after breaking the fast:

  • 2  ذهب الظمأ وابتلت العروق، وثبت الأجر إن شاء الله

Transliteration: Zahabadh-dhama'u wabtallatil-'urooqu, wa thabatal-ajru inshaa-Allaahu.

Meaning: The thirst has gone and the veins are quenched, and reward is confirmed, if Allaah wills.

  • 3  اللهم لك صمت، وعلى رزقك أفطرت

Transliteration: Allahumma inni laka sumtu wa bika aamantu [wa 'alayka tawakkaltu] wa ‘ala rizq-ika aftarthu

 

Meaning: O Allah! I Fasted for you and I believe in you and I break my fast with your sustenance.

 

 

Duas to be read before or after breaking the fast :

  • 4أللهم إني أسألك برحمتك التي وسعت كل شيء أن تغفر لي

    Transliteration: Allahumma innee as'aluka bi-rahmatikal-latee wasi'ath kulla shai'in an taghfira lee.

 

Meaning: O Allaah, I ask You by Your mercy which envelops all things, that You forgive me 4.

 

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Shibly bin Mizan

Student Darul Iftaa

Toronto,Canada

Checked and Approved by,

Mufti Ebrahim Desai.                                                                          

­­­­­­­­­­­­ 1حديث ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما ...أتوا بيت أبي أيوب فلما أكلوا و شعبوا قال النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم : خبز و لحم و تمر و بسر و رطب إذا أصبتم مثل هذا فضربتم بأيدكم فكلوا
بسم الله و بركة الله
هذا حديث صحيح الإسناد و لم يخرجاه
تعليق الذهبي قي التلخيص : صحيح . ٤/١٠٧ و ٧١٦٣ من إخراج الوادعي

أبو داود ٢: ٣٠٦ ­2

  أبو داود  3

4 أبن ماجة  ١ : ٥٥٧  

5 The third dua can be read both before or after breaking the fast due it being included in Imam Nawawi’s ‘Al-Azkaar’ 5 among other such duas that are normally read after iftaar, as well there being no clear wording linking it to post iftaar, thus indicating the possibility of both.

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